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Brenda Royal » Brenda Royal, AP Biology

Brenda Royal, AP Biology

RISING JUNIORS AND SENIORS!! Exciting summer opportunity shared with us by a former CMS student who now works for NASA:
Bio I:
   Tuesday, February 19: Gel Electrophoresis, DNA Goes to the Races
   Wednesday/Thursday, February 20/21: Skittles Dye Electrophoresis Lab
   Friday: Review Chapter 15 BRING TEXTBOOKS TO CLASS.
   Monday, February 25:  QUIZ, Chapter 15
   Tuesday, February 26: Biotechnology Techniques   
    Wednesday/Thursday, February 27-28: PCR Simulation
   Friday, March 1st: GMO's
   Monday, February 11: Human Genetic Disorders https://learn.genetics.utah.edu/content/disorders/
   Tuesday, February 12: Manipulating DNA; DNA Scissors-Restriction Enzymes
   Wednesday/Thursday: February 13,14: Lab: Gel Electrophoresis; finish DNA Scissors
   Friday: February 15: Cracking the Code, Human Genome
AP Bio:
   Tuesday, February 19: Viruses
   Thursday, February 21: DNA Biotechnology: Restriction Enzymes & Gel Electrophoresis
   Friday, February 22: Continue Restriction Enzymes, Plasmids and Gel Electrophoresis
   Monday, February 25: Bacterial Transformation
   Tuesday, February 26: PCR Simulation
   Thursday, February 28: pGlo Bacterial Transformation Lab
   Friday, March 1: pGlo Lab, continued
   Monday, February 11: Eukaryotic Gene Regulation of the Stickleback
   Tuesday, February 12: Complete Stickleback Activity; Viral Genetics
   Thursday, February 14: Cancer Interactive; http://www.hhmi.org/biointeractive/ cancer-genetic-disease-video-highlights)
   Friday, February 15: CRISPR
Back by popular demand:  The Central Dogma Video: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9kOGOY7vthk&t=17s
Bio I: 
   Monday, January 28: Prokaryotic Gene Regulation
   Tuesday/Wednesday: January 29,30: DNA Extraction and Transcription/translation practice
   Thursday, January 31:  Half Day
    Friday, February 1:  Review Chapters 13,14
   Monday, February 4: ASK QUESTIONS on Central Dogma (woof!)
   Tuesday, February 5: QUIZ on Chapters 13,14 
   Wednesday/Thursday: Karyotypes, Pedigrees & Human Genetics
   Friday: Continued -Karyotypes, pedigrees, and human genetics
AP Bio:
  Monday, January 28: Review Genetics Test. 
  Tuesday, January 29: DNA Extraction.  Practice FRQ's
  Thursday, January 31: Half Day  
  Friday, February 1: Review DNA structure/history/function & Central Dogma (woof!)
 Monday, February 4: ASK QUESTIONS on DNA or Central Dogma. FRQ's for Chapters 16,17.
Tuesday, February 5: Test - Chapters 16, 17
 Thursday, February 7: Eukaryotic Gene Regulation in Sticklebacks
  Friday, February 8: Continue Stickleback. Review FRQ's.
    Monday, February  
Rosalind:  For those of you who want to know her role:  Here are the interviews with her graduate student:
 Central Dogma of Biology (Woof!)- Animation:https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9kOGOY7vthk
 Turning Nucleic Acids to Proteins: http://www.dnai.org/lesson/go/9262/27338
 Bio I: 
  Tuesday: January 22 - History of DNA
  Wednesday: January 23 - Structure of DNA
   Thursday, January 24 - Replication
   Friday, January 25- HOMECOMING

AP Bio:
   Tuesday, January 22 - History  & Structure of DNA
   Wednesday - Review FRQ's. DNA Replication
   Thursday - Central Dogma
   Friday, Janury 25 - HOMECOMING
As promised:   
    The link to Dragon Genetics:    https://serendipstudio.org/exchange/waldron/dragongenetics1
  And the key to the Meiosis Quiz:   1-5: DEBCA; 6-10: ADEBC; 11-14:CDBA;   15-18: CDBA  19-21: BDB
Bio I:  Meiosis Interactive: https://www.cellsalive.com/meiosis_js.htm
AP Bio:  Here's the link for calculating Chi square on your TI-84: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wSszHVNWEEs
 And the link for the fruit fly lab: https://web.archive.org/web/20150707233341/http
AP Bio - Chapter Powerpoints.  Thanks for reminding me to post these.
Ch 13: Meiosis (an earlier edition, but meiosis hasn't changed much in a few thousand years...)
Bio I:
Chapter 12 is packed with vocabulary necessary to understanding
the concepts.  Make sure you are doing some type of self-study as we go:
notes on the chapter, end of chapter questions, quizlet, etc.
January 8: Mendelian Genetics.  Read Chapter 12
January 9-10: Non-Mendelian Genetics & Practice Problems
January 14: Meiosis
January 15: Wrapping up genetics- Mendelian, non-Mendelian, Meiosis
January 16-17: Lab- Genetic mapping
January 18: Genetics Test
AP Biology:
January 8: Review cell respiration FRQ; briefly review cell signaling.
                  Discussion: Meiosis, Mendel & DNA.  How much do we need to 
                   review Bio I topics?  Read Ch 13 & 14.
January 10:Chromosome theory of Inheritance;  Fruit Fly Virtual Lab
January 11: More sex-linkage and fruit flies.
January 14: Meiosis 
January 15: Gene mapping; map units
January 17: Meiosis - Sordaria Lab- Crossing over
January 18: Test, Ch 13,14,15
Bio I:
December 3: Answer questions on photosynthesis; start Glycolysis
December 4: Quiz on Photosynthesis
December 5/6: Poster on Cellular Respiration
December 7:  Finish talking about cellular respiration
December 10: Review Cellular  Respiration
December 11: Quiz on Cellular Respiration
December 12/13: Review stations for midterm
December 14: Independent study/review for midterm
December 17-19: MIDTERMS
AP Biology:
December 3: Questions on photosynthesis; Flipgrid lab assignment; start cellular respiration
December 4: Quiz on Photosynthesis
December 6: Cellular Respiration Lab.  Read my font:  Watch the video BEFORE YOU COME TO CLASS.  We don't have time to do your homework in class.
            Bozeman  Cellular Respiration Lab:   https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=r9o_VdToClE
            Cell Respiration Lab Protocol:  Complete with "pretty data", but I want to see YOUR data in lab: http://www.jdenuno.com/PDFfiles/Respiration.pdf
December 7: Finish lab data analysis.   Discuss Cellular respiration
December 10: Finish cellular respiration. Cell respiration lab video due:  flipgrid.com/royallabvideos
December 11: Quiz on cellular respiration
December 13: Lab: Cell signaling
Those two cool videos!!

Bozeman Biology's Cell Signaling Video: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qOVkedxDqQo
https://flipgrid.com/ds23wv4 - Site for posting your stop action videos....she types hopefully...
December 14: Cell signaling POGIL.  
December 17-19: MIDTERMS
Bio I Midterm Review Packet:  The complete EOC study packet is in the column to the right -->.  The "Study Guide" at the bottom is the one you'll want for your midterm review.  Midterm covers the first 11 pages of the review packet.  
 AP Bio:  Here's the Flipgrid log-in:  flipgrid.com/royallabvideos
Your midterm will be a complete AP Exam from the past 5 years.  Well, at least the 90 minute multiple choice part.  
Bio I:  Here's the lab protocol to finish the questions:
These videos will help you prep for the photosynthesis lab tomorrow.  
Bozeman Science Lab Walk Through:
Williamson's Leaf Disk Technique:
Fifteen minutes a night.  Remember that advice at the first of the year?  
Imagine if you had devoted 15 focused, uninterrupted minutes of study every night to each course you're in?  
Not just biology.
Imagine balancing your time so that 15 minutes nightly prevents 2 panicked hours the night before a test.
Granted, there will always be subjects that demand you give more, but 15 minutes a night just to review the notes from that day, or the objectives of the lab, or finish the lab write up, or simply to reflect - what did I learn today?  Those minutes will be well spent.  

Biology I and AP Biology:
Helpful videos:
Biological Gradients:
ATP Synthase Animation
Crash Course Photosynthesis
Biology I: 
Monday, November 26: Review light reactions of photosynthesis, discuss a chemiosmotic gradient, overview of the dark reactions.
   This is consistently a difficult unit for students to grasp.  DO NOT WAIT to start studying.  READ Chapter 9.  Ask questions in class.
    Come ask questions during study hall, lunch, or before or after school.
Tuesday, November 27: Introduce spinach chad lab. Finish cell respiration/photosynthesis manipulative.
Wednesday/Thursday November 28/29: Spinach Photosynthesis Lab
Friday, November 30: Wrap up photosynthesis; introduce cellular respiration. Start reading Chapter 10.  Look for similarities and differences between photosynthesis and respiration.
Monday, December 3: Glycolysis, Krebs Cycle, and Electron Transport Chain -
       Electron transport chain animation:  https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rdF3mnyS1p0
       Crash Course, Cellular Respiration: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=00jbG_cfGuQ
Tuesday, December 4: Continue Cellular Respiration
Wednesday/Thursday December 5/6: Algae Bead Lab
Friday, December 7: Wrap up & Review Photosynthesis & Respiration: 
                                Test: Cellular Respiration & Photosynthesis, Chapters 9-10 on Monday December 10th.
Monday, November 26:  Review Light Reactions; Introduce Dark Reactions. 
                            Read Chapter 10: Photosynthesis.
Tuesday, November 27: Alternatives to C-3 Photosynthesis: CAM and C-4
                                         Prepare for Spinach Lab.  Watch Bozeman AND Brad Williamson.  You should come to class prepared to test a variable using 
                                                      the protocol you watch them use in the videos.
        Bozeman Biology - Photosynthesis Lab:  https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZnY9_wMZZWI
        Brad Williamson- How to Sink Leaf Disks: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vw8baZO89oc
Thursday, November 29:  Photosynthesis Lab:
Friday: November 30:  Finish Photosynthesis; Introduce Cellular Respiration. Read Chapter 9
Monday, December 3: Cellular Respiration - Prokaryotes vs. Eukaryotes
                                     Importance of Membranes
                                     ATP Review  
Tuesday, December 4: Glycolysis, Krebs Cycle, ETC- where, when, and why
Thursday, December 6: Algae Bead Lab
Friday, December 7:  Wrap up & Review Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration. FRQ Practice.
                  (Test will be Monday, December 10th, on Chapters 9  & 10)
Mitosis Games/quizzes:
Biology I
Monday, November 12: Test Corrections; Introduction to Cell Division
  Cool video of REAL mitosis: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=L61Gp_d7evo
Tuesday, November 13/Wednesday November 14:  Mitosis Virtual Lab
Thursday, November 15: Half Day
Friday, November 16: Review Mitosis/Cell Division
Monday, November 19: Quiz, Cell Division, Chapter 8
Tuesday, November 20: Energy concepts, introducing cellular respiration and photosynthesis
AP Biology
 Watch real mitosis videos
Chapter 12 PPT: Cell Cycle
The link to the Transpiration Protocol is in the list of saved links to the right -->
Monday, November 12: Test Corrections; FRQ analysis; Transpiration lab data exchange
Tuesday, November 13: Finish data exchange ; Run photosynthesis lab
Friday, November 16: Review cell division; introduce photosynthesis
Monday, November 19: Quiz, Mitosis, Chapter 12
Tuesday, November 20: Photosynthesis sketch notes
If you finish the tinyurl review packet here are some websites with fun ways to review cell division:
https://reviewgamezone.com/game.php?id=29532 (don't forget to study, not just play!)
Monday, October 29: Discuss movement in cells.  Finish cell drawings.
Tuesday, October 30: Continue movement in cells.
Wednesday, October 31/Thursday November 1: Lab: Diffusion & Osmosis in Cells
Friday: November 2: Review cell structures & functions, movement in cells for TEST ON Monday, November 5.
Monday, November 5: Test, Chapter 8- Cells
Wednesday/Thursday: November 7,8:  Lab: Modeling Limits to Cell Size
Friday, November 9: Mitosis Introduction
Monday, October 22: Review Test (GREAT job, by the way!! Congrats, guys!).  Prepare your mini-posters of your duckweed lab.  CLEAN UP THE LAB!! 
       Homework: Start reading Chapter 8 and taking notes.  This chapter is absolutely fundamental to understanding biology.  Learn the cell organelles and then concepts of movement in cells.
Tuesday, October 23: Mini-poster Lab assessment.
Wednesday/Thursday, October 24-25: Introduction to microscopes; cell lab- making wet-mount slides of animal and plant cells.
Friday, October 26: Cell structure and function
AP Biology
Chapter 36 has a few pages on transpiration.
Monday, October 29: Speed Dating, Organelles.  Have your profile card ready!
Tuesday, October 30: Water Potential - problems and applications; movement in cells.  Properties of the membrane
Thursday, November 2: Transpiration Lab, Video
Friday, November 3: Review Chapters 7 & 8:  Cells & Movement in Cells & Transpiration
Monday, November 5:TEST, Chapter 7 &8
Tuesday, November 6: NO SCHOOL!
Thursday, November 8: Photosynthesis POGIL
Friday, November 9: Photosynthesis Vocabulary Focus
  Check Mastering Biology.  I have added review assignments for Chapter 8, as well as preliminary assignments for Chapters 6-7.  By the way, only half of you have done the Chapter 5 assignment.   I also want to assign the Lab Bench "Diffusion and Osmosis" lab, but it's 6 pm on Sunday, and I've been here all day, and I'm grumpy and I haven't figured out how to do it.  We'll work on it together.
Seriously, spend some time using this tool to review.  The test scores on the water test were painful.  Let's figure out what the problem is so we have better results this week.
Monday, October 22: Review metabolism, enzymes  per your requests.  Start cell movement.
Tuesday, October 23: Test, Chapters 5 & 8: Macromolecules and Metabolism
Thursday, October 25: Diffusion and Osmosis Lab
     Watch Paul Anderson's introduction to this lab at the link above.
      Read through the lab- either the hard copy I gave you in class or:
Friday, October 26: Finish collecting/analysis lab data.  
For those of you who wanted powerpoints over the chapters.
Chapter 5: 
Chapter 8:
 This is the link you'll need to do the Citizen Science Biodiversity Activity in Lab this week.
 2nd Period:  This is your link:
7th period!  Try this one!
Two weeks in and the weather finally turned to fall!  Layer up! The heat may not be turned on for a few weeks yet!
Biology I
Monday, October 15: Wrap up labs from last week.  Work on review sheet for Ecology Test on Friday
Tuesday, October 16: Discuss succession
Wednesday/Thursday: October 17-18:  Biodiversity Studies from Gorongosa National Park; Succession  Game
Friday, October 19:  Ecology Unit Test.  Big Grade.  Have your review sheet done ahead of time and turn in before test.
AP Biology
Monday, October 15: Practice AP MC
Tuesday, October 16: Seniors out for ACT; ATP POGIL
Thursday, October 18: Score water FRQ; review test over Ch 3,4. 
                                    Wrap up Chapters 5 & 8; Finish Enzyme Lab Mini-Poster
Friday, October 19: Enzyme Lab Poster Share
Here's the explanation of the graph that baffled so many of you.  
 Biology I
 Monday: September 17: Review Chapter 3.  Start Energy Pyramid
Tuesday: September 18: Test, Chapter 3
Wednesday/Thursday: September 19-20: Gorongosa National Park- Food Webs and Chains
Friday:September 21  Finish Food chains & webs.  Wrap up Chapter 4.
Monday: September 10th: Finish the Big Picture of Biology; Isle Royale: How a poodle killed off wolves.
                                           Human Impact on Earth; Start Duckweed Lab if time permits
Tuesday/Wednesday: September 11-12th:  Duckweed Lab; Biome Activity (Labs moved from Thursday to
                                            Tuesday )
Thursday: Half Day
Friday: Wrapping up Chapter 3.  Look for a quiz early next week.
Any student who scored less than 70% on the Chapter 2 test, and who turned in a written assignment from the chapter (note, outline, questions, concept map, etc.)  can do test corrections to bring the grade up to a 70. Format will be discussed in class on Tuesday and must be turned in by Friday, the 7th.
Assignment: Be reading Chapter 3.  Remember that you have the option of test corrections IF you turn in your written evidence of grappling with the material in the chapter.  You may choose outlining, section review questions, end of chapter questions, note taking.  This isn't meant to be "busy work".  It is meant to give you the option of using your best study method to learn the material in the chapter.
AP Biology:
Monday: September 17.  Review of Evolution Unit
Tuesday: September 18. Evolution Unit Test
Thursday: September 20 Review of chemistry, water, and macromolecules
Friday: September 21 Proteins
Monday: Cladogram FRQ's. How to score an FRQ
The first test is in the gradebook.  The high grade of 90% was made a 100 and everyone received 10%.  If you're still under 70%, come talk to me during 5th period.  There's a class in Room 125 then, so I'm usually found in one of the computer labs.
 Tuesday: Molecular Clock Dry Lab
Thursday: Half Day
Friday: Wrapping up Evolution.  Prepare for an evolution unit test, Chapters 22-26 early next week.
 Be reading Chapters 25 & 26
Bozeman's Cladogram video:
Thursday: September 6 Examining the Evidences for Mass Extinctions - Computer Lab 128
Here's the data sheet you're using for Earthviewer: Evidences for Mass Extinctions.
Friday: September 7 : More cladograms, practice FRQ's and wrapping up evolution.
AP Bio AND Bio I
Students and parents!! Please read the safety rules at the following link.  Email or ask if any rules need clarification.  Print off and return the last signature page by August 24th. I'll have candy for anybody who has it on day one, August 8th!  (Sorry, dentists....)
Interesting articles to help you navigate science education this year:
The Value of Stupidity in Science: http://jcs.biologists.org/content/121/11/1771
"She Didn't Teach Us; We Had to Learn it Ourselves."
Biology I:
Monday, August 20: Review for Ch 1 quiz.  Start Macromolecules
Tuesday, August 21: Quiz on Ch 1. Continue Macromolecules
(The macromolecules powerpoint link is over there --> in the right column.
Wed/Thursday, August 22-23: Lab: Macromolecules
Friday: Wrap up Macromolecules. Quiz next week
Monday, August 13:  Preparing the lab journal.  Identifying properties of life. Powerpoint in the files list, below the picture("01Life") -->
Tuesday, August 14: Viruses? Living or Non-living?
   Watch the Khan Academy on viruses, link below:
Wednesday/Thursday, August 15-16: Chemicals of life lab
Friday, August 17: Biochemistry, continued
AP Biology:
Monday, August 20: Wrap up Behavior Lab.  Discuss Hardy Weinberg
Tuesday, August 21:  Evolution of Populations
Thursday, August 23: Hardy Weinberg Lab
Friday, August 24:  Wrap up Chapters 22-24. 
Monday, August 13: Five criteria for evolution & prepping the lab journal.
Tuesday, August 14: Data analysis- Finch beaks
Thursday, August 16: Isopod Behavior Lab. Read it before class and bring your roly-polies!
Friday, August 17: Wrap up finches; speciation and differentiation.
 "How to Write a Good Lab Report"
Wednesday, August 8: Introduction, rules, housekeeping:
Reading assignment:  
Thursday, August 9: First Day Activity
Friday, August 10: First Day Activity, complete.  
                                 Discussion: What makes a scientist?
  Powerpoint on Scientific Method:  -->   Check the "Files" column to access the powerpoint on scientific method.                
   Supplies:  The only requirement is a Graph Ruled Composition book, black-bound, 247 mm X 190 mm (9 3/4 inches X 7 1/2 inches).  I know it sounds picky, but the larger ones get beat-up, and the spiral ones fall apart.  These will go on sale at Staples right before school starts.  If you can't find one, I'll have a few available.
Animal Behavior Lab- for first block day!  Read it before you get here!! And bring roly-polies!
Wednesday, August 8: Introduction, textbooks, housekeeping
     Read: Chapter 1
Thursday, August 9: What Do I Remember?
      Start reading Chapter 22.  (Yes, 22, not 2)
Friday, August 10: The Statistics of Biology - https://i-biology.net/ict-in-ib-biology/statistical-analysis/
     No required summer work, HOWEVER, here are some excellent titles for understanding and appreciating the concepts we'll be hitting next year.   The library has many of these!!
    Sean B.  Carroll is an evolutionary biologist who writes so engagingly that you'll forget it's non-fiction!
    Some of his titles are:
          Into the Jungle - it's short and sweet!
          The Serengeti Rules - you'll find out where the word "homeostasis" came from!
          Endless Forms Most Beautiful
If you have a passion for protecting our planet:  Planet Eaarth by Bill McKibben will make your heart hurt a little... or a lot.  (And yes, it's spelled that way for a reason.)
     Ed Yong's "I Contain Multitudes" is a fascinating survey of how the microbes in our world make life on this planet roll on as it does.
  Here are some tips from this year's AP kids!
  "Don't procrastinate!  Actually spend 15 minutes a night.  Review your labs and ACTUALLY do them.  It makes life easier!"
                                                                                                                              - H.B .

  "Make sure to take good notes in class and review before the night before tests.  With studying, sources like Bozeman Biology and Crash Course will help a ton."                                                  - L.B.
 "Actually study for this class.  Hard.  I rarely if ever have to study for tests and quizzes, but if you don't study for this class 15 minutes a night like Ms. Royal says, everything's just gonna jumble up in your brain."  - T. M.
   " Do not do labs just to get a grade.  If you want to succeed you need to do them for knowledge and understanding."
                                                                                                                                                   - - C. T.
"Learn a topic when you first begin the chapter so that you can keep up in class. "
                                                                                          - D. W.
 You will be asked to sign a contract when the year begins.  UNDERSTAND UP FRONT, that you will be expected to take the AP Exam.  If you don't, you'll be expected to take the final exam for this course.    Taking an AP Course without taking the AP Exam is like running a race and stopping right before the finish line.  Sure, it's hard, but you're training for college!! And life!!
Finish what you start!  
  I'm excited about meeting you and getting started!  But have a great summer first!  I'll be reading the AP Exams in Kansas City!